Best Hemp
 
1. Hemp, the oldes crop in the world

Hemp is believed to be native to Central Asia and has spread throughout the ancient high cultures of India and today's Iraq. Hemp was, together with flax, the most important fiber plant in Europe and represents one of the most important, legal and international commodities in the 19th and 20th centuries. The straw is an important raw material for the construction and clothing industry. The original jeans were sewn from the especially almost indestructible hemp material. The hemp fibers were processed, among other things, into knitting and ropes, which made the type of sailing vessel possible. Would America have already been discovered today, if the hemp ropes and sails were there? Also the high health value was recognized already a thousand years ago: so hemp grains were found as grave in old tombs of Japan, where the hemp today still has the reputation of enabling a long and healthy life. Hemp is recommended in ancient writings, as a remedy for rheumatism and malaria. Before 1920, 80% of all the medicines of a pharmacy contained hemp. Why has this natural and precious medicine fallen into oblivion? In the course of the development of pharmaceutical drugs and the development of artificial fibers, hemp was tabooed and banned as "marijuana".

1.1 Industrial hemp and marijuana  

The intoxicating effect of hemp is due to its THC content (tetrahydrocannabinol). In order to be able to utilize the advantages of hemp, varieties with a THC content of ≤ 0.2% were cultivated. These varieties were reintroduced under the concept of "industrial hemp" in 1996 in Germany and the EU under strict control. Hemp, which is cultivated because of its intoxicating effect, lies in its THC content between 8 and 18%, while meanwhile there are also medicinal hemp with a THC content around 6%. Attention: At the moment it is only in the FRG that pain patients are allowed to own, cultivate and consume the latter two varieties.

1.2 Industrial raw material is a renewable raw material with a future

Since its reintroduction as an "industrial hemp", the cultivation areas of hemp have grown annually in the EU. Here is a graphic of the Nova Institute:

Statistik Hanf Anbau

Cultivation Development in Europe

The agricultural importance of hemp is, on the one hand, that it produces a huge biomass in a fertilization time of only 100 days. Through this rapid growth he soon shades the soils, which suppresses the weeds and the use of herbicides becomes unnecessary. Pesticides can also be avoided as the hemp protects itself through its fragrances. It is a deep-rooted cultivator, enriching the arable land with otherwise unused, lower-lying minerals, which makes the soils for the after-fruits particularly productive.
1.2.1. Countries of origin
In Hungary the hemp has been home for many centuries. On the one hand it is the soils rich in humus and on the other the ideal weathering conditions under which hemp grows there. On top of that there is the long tradition of breeders' experience, produced by KC-Dora, Antal, Tiborszallasi, Virtusz and Kompolti. These are distinguished by a relatively high CBD content and at the same time a low THC content, which is especially important for the extraction and allows extracts with a high CBD content.
1.2.2. Other important cultivation areas are Romania, Bulgaria, Littau and Lettlang.
1.2.3. because hemp leaves the maturity phase with little water, high-quality hemp blossoms are also produced in Spain.

Hanf - Bild - Blüte

2.0 Hemp in the construction industry

In the building and wood industry, the fibers, shafts and also whole stems are processed in various ways.

Hanfstängel

The stems are mostly 1 - 3 cm thick and surrounded by a very tear-resistant fiber layer on the outside.

Hanf - Stängel gequetscht und gebrochen

Here the stalks are broken, squeezed, so that the stiff shafts largely have fallen away

On the one hand, they are used for the stabilization of clay or mortar, either in the form of prefabricated bricks or they are filled directly into formwork and poured with mortar. On the other hand, hempfibers is also used as an insulating material in the form of woven mats and bulk material.

1. As a wood substitute, it is processed into composite wood and boards. Compared to wood, it has a much shorter growth period and so it is available as a renewable raw material almost indefinitely.
2. The hemp fiber as a textile raw material
Traditionally, the hemp straw was soaked in water, which is called “water roasting”. It’s an enzymatical process which sets the hempfibers free from the other components for further processing.
The hemp fiber is then brushed, combed and spun into yarns and ropes. The Carpathian Basin, the regions of Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria were known worldwide for these raw materials in the 19th and beginning 20th century. These yarns have also woven fabrics that have been further processed for their sails and jeans because of their great durability.

With today's technology, hemp can also be processed into fine, soft materials, such as soft hemp socks, jeans and shirts.


Further application possibilities
Further processing possibilities can be found in the addition to high-quality papers and in combination with modern biotechnology. So hemp is also polymerized and so-called bio-based plastics and biocomposites are created, find more  www.bio-based.eu. These can be used similarly to plastics and are used, for example, in the automobile industry.

3. Hempseeds are a valuable nutrition source

Hemp seeds have no consciously changing effects because they do not contain THC. They are doubtlessly one of the most valuable nutrient-physiological oil-crops. The fat experts Dr. Ulrich Strunz and Andreas Jopp write: "... for the correct balance of the tissue hormones, omega-6 fats and omega-3 fats should be in a ratio of 3: 1. Normaly we get 20 x more omega-6 fats. Hemp oil therefore belongs to the top omega 3 suppliers "15 - 20 g (1 spoon) are sufficient to cover the daily requirement of a human being. Alpha-linolenic acid has similar effects as omega-3 fatty acids of fish oil and can therefore be used therapeutically in cardiovascular diseases and chronic inflammations

Hanföl - Produktion Hanföl - Flasche abgefüllt

Because of its gamma-linolenic acid content, it also has positive effects on neurodermatitis, premenstrual syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetic neuropathy, to name only the most important fields of application.
The press cake obtained during cold oil pressing contains up to 30% high-quality protein, which is distinguished by a large number of essential amino acids, minerals and trace elements. This press cake is ground to flour and powder and is a valuable protein supplement especially for vegetarians and high-performance athletes
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On the other hand, whole seeds, peeled or unpeeled, can also be incorporated into various foods for nutritional physiological revaluation, such as pasta, cakes, jam, desserts and topping for crisp salads.
Hemp blossoms are used, among others, solely for their fragrance and aroma as teas or perfumes
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4. Use of hemp flowers and CBD

The hemp flowers contain a very important active ingredient group, called cannabinoids, because they are very characteristic for the hemp (cannabis). The most famous cannabinoid is probably the THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which is very disguised because of its intoxicating, consciousness-changing effect. As already mentioned, the content of approved industrial hemp varieties  are less than ≤ 0.2%, while drug hemp has a content of 8 - 18%. More recent breeds for medical purposes are THC content around 6%, but in a balanced relationship with CBD (cannabidiol), which rather minimizes the intoxicating effect. The second most common cannabinoid that has been studied for decades is the CBD (cannabidiol), which is present in the flowers of the industrial plant at a concentration of 0.5 - 2.5%. This is harvested in a complex process, extracted and is commercially available in concentrations of 1 - 20%. CBD is no drug and is used in nutrition, functional food, cosmetic and medicin. Other cannabinoids are CBD (cannabidiol), cannabucgrinb (CBC), cannabigerol (CBG) and tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV). A total of over 200 cannabinoids are known.